A cataract is defined as the lens of the eye that has become cloudy. Eye lenses that are normally clear become blurred and that’s why people who have this condition feel like they are looking through a frosty window. This vision problem develops slowly in most cases. But cataracts, if not treated in time will interfere with the person’s vision.

A cataract is basically “a cloudy lens”. It is a disease that manifests itself with the formation of dimness in the eyesight. It is located behind the iris which is the “colored area of the eye”. This lens starts to lose its functioning with aging. The lens changes color and loses its transparency, and as a result of that, the eyesight goes down and vision gets blurry.



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The most common symptoms of cataracts are:

  • Blurred vision,
  • Impaired near and far vision,
  • Sensitivity to light,
  • Eyestrain
  • Difficulty distinguishing colors,
  • Headache,
  • Dry eye.

How To Prevent Cataracts?

It is not possible to prevent cataracts completely however you can reduce the risks of experiencing the disease and delay facing advanced stage cataract problems. For this, you should not look directly at the sunlight, you should not smoke, you should take care of your diet, and if you are diabetic, you should keep your sugar balance under control.

Cataract Surgery

Thank to developing medical technologies, cataract surgeries are done safely and fast. During the operation which is usually performed under local anesthesia, a small incision is made. The dimmed lens is removed by breaking with the help of ultrasonic vibrations into small pieces. After that, an artificial lens is placed in the eye, and in this way, eye vision improves. The surgery takes approximately half an hour. The patient is asked to use eye lotion for about a month. Since this is an outpatient procedure, the patient is discharged from the hospital the same day.

Thıngs To Know About Cataract Treatment

Before applying the cataract treatment, the patient's medical history examines, and after the eye examination with the ophthalmoscope, data about the vision problem and stage of the cataract obtains. The eye surgeon gives detailed information about the process to the patient.

Surgery is the only option for cataract treatment, unfortunately, it is not possible to treat with medication, natural methods, or diet. Since vision decreases over time, the patient will face major results in the latter stages of the disease.

There are 2 types of procedures applied for cataract treatment: Traditional cataract operation and laser cataract surgery.  While the scalpel is used in the classical method, the laser tech is used in the other technique. Procedures are different, however, both methods aim to reach one final result which is removing the problematic lens and replacing it with artificial ones to fix vision problems.

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