TemPoromandibular Joint

The temporomandibular joint is located on either side of the face - in front of the ears. The temporomandibular joints that connect the mandible to the skull are positioned on both sides of the jaw.

They have great importance in terms of actions such as speaking and chewing. Problems in this area can negatively affect facial functionality. Visual problems occurred by jaw deformities may lead people to feel unhappy.

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    Temporomandibular Eklem Bozukluğunun Nedenleri

    The source of the temporomandibular joint disorder is varied. One of the most common causes is damage to the tissues in and around the jaw joint. It should be added that problems can be acute or chronic.

    The factors causing the problem:

    • Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism
    • Stress,
    • Physical traumas caused by injuries, accidents, etc.
    • Jaw disc displacement,
    • Chewing only on one side,
    • Myofascial disorder,

    In addition, types of arthritis, physical blows direct to the jaw, chronic teeth clenching, and wrong chewing habits increase the level of joint disorder.

    What Is The Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

    The temporomandibular problem essentially means functional impairment of the joints. If there is inflammation and injury or irritation, it may cause the temporomandibular joint disorder. Muscle and tissues in the jaw joint need to be treated. The temporomandibular joint pain can be major or minor, depending on the type of problem and the severity of the disorder.

    The Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Symptoms

    Symptoms may vary depending on the source of the disorder, and the type of the problem can be a determinant of the severity of the symptoms.

    The most common temporomandibular joint disorder symptoms are:

    • Ear and jaw pain
    • Pain around the neck area,
    • Difficulty in chewing
    • Jaw clicking (Sound when opening and closing the jaw),
    • Jaw locking,
    • Toothache.
    Temporomandibular Eklem

    The Temporomandibular Joint Treatment

    Treatment is determined by examining the cause of the problem. Treatment can be applied with lifestyle changes, drug therapy and surgical operations. The temporomandibular joint pain is a serious problem that disturbs patients. Ice compress is recommended for pain relief. It is also extremely important to consume soft foods, avoid movements that will irritate the jaw joint, and do exercises that will strengthen the jaw muscles. One of the causes of jaw joint problems is stress. So, it will be advantageous to build a healthy mindset that will stay the stress away from your life. Other than these, a dental night-guard is used to eliminate joint problems caused by teeth grinding. Pharmacological methods are also applied in the treatment of the temporomandibular joint. Botox, needle therapy and other injection treatments can also be performed.


    Since headaches can be triggered by many different causes, it is not necessary to evaluate every headache originating from the temporomandibular joint. For this reason, it is important to take into account whether there are symptoms such as jaw clicking noise and jaw locking.

    Although it is not possible to give a precise age range, it can be said that the disorder is common in individuals between the ages of 20 and 40. Also, research show that this problem is more common in women than in men.

    It is important for people who have symptoms of the joint disorder to consult a dentist. As a result of clinical examinations and tests, it is determined whether the problem is caused by the temporomandibular joint or a different problem.

    * Treatment for which we provide intermediary service.