Dermal filler; They are gel-like solutions that are applied and injected under the skin to restore volume losses in the skin. These solutions are applied especially around the eyes, mouth and nose, helping to remove wrinkles and make the skin look tighter and younger. However, filler injections, which come into play in many different procedures, are divided into different types and can be adjusted according to personal needs and have a lasting effect up to a few months or years.

Dermal Dolgu Çeşitleri

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What Is The Purpose Of Dermal Fillers?

As the human body ages, there is a decrease in collagen tissues that provide tension and fullness to the skin, as a result of which the skin loses its former vitality and begins to look wrinkled, saggy and loose. Dermal filler injections, especially used in facial aesthetics, focus on eliminating these tissue losses on the face and restoring the skin.

Dermal filler, which usually consists of substances such as hyaluronic acid, is injected under the skin and provides benefits such as:

  • It plumps and smoothes fine wrinkles such as forehead lines, nose wrinkles and crow's feet.
  • It removes sagging on the face and provides general recovery of the face.
  • Heals asymmetrical facial problems.
  • It plumps the lips that have lost volume or that are very thin, defines the lip contour and balances the lower and upper lips.
  • It clears the facial contours by eliminating the volume losses in the cheek and chin area. It ensures that the face has a sharper and better contour line, especially when used in chin applications.
  • It helps to reduce the appearance of sunken and bags under the eyes, thus rejuvenating and rejuvenating the overall appearance.

Besides these; dermal filler applications can also be used as a part of smile design. The dermal filler, which is used for shaping the lip, ensures that aesthetic beauty is emphasized when planned together with the tooth design and helps the face to gain a full, smooth and symmetrical appearance from every angle.

Types of Dermal Fillers

Dermal filler injections, which are used in many aesthetic applications, are prepared according to personal needs and are divided into different types:

Hyaluronic Acid

It is a substance that is produced naturally in the body and provides the skin with fullness and moisture balance. Depending on time, the amount of hyaluronic acid in the skin decreases and the effects of aging accelerate. Hyaluronic acid, which is used in dermal filler injections, usually lasts up to 6 to 12 months and helps the skin regain a natural fullness.

Poly-L-Lactic Acid (PLLA)

Collagen, by supporting the development of connective tissues in the body, contributes to the youthful and tight appearance of the skin. PLLA, on the other hand, is a substance that accelerates the body's self-collagen production and helps to fill especially deep wrinkle lines. Its effects last up to 2 years.

Calcium Hydroxyapatite (CaHa)

It is a densely structured substance found in the bones of the human body and accelerates the production of collagen in the skin. When injected under the skin, it removes the effects of aging such as wrinkles and increases elasticity, and its effect can continue for up to 1 year.

Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)

It is an injection consisting of a mixture of collagen and similar substances. While helping to eliminate tissue deficiencies in the skin, it also takes part in the tightening of subcutaneous structures. Thus, it leaves a longer lasting effect on the skin.

Autologous Fat Injections

It is applied by taking the existing fat cells in the human body and re-injecting them into the areas with volume loss. Fats collected by liposuction are enriched by special processes in the laboratory environment and made ready for injection. In this way, the effect of the injection becomes much more natural and permanent.

The type and ratio of materials used in dermal filler applications vary according to the procedure to be applied and patient expectations. In general, the specialist physician prefers to combine these substances in certain proportions and aims to eliminate the skin problems in the best way. Since the injection content is prepared specifically for the patient in line with personal goals and current problems, the effects of the procedure are preserved for the maximum time.

How Is Dermal Filling Applied?

Dermal filler injections are applied in a clinical setting. Before the procedure, a detailed consultation is done and expectations, needs and problems are evaluated. At this stage, photographs of the face can be taken from various angles for later comparison. Then the physician decides on the areas where the filling will be applied and the amount of application. Solution preparation is usually completed in the same session and the patient is taken to the practice chair.

The following steps are followed during the process:

The application area is cleaned of make-up and dirt and made suitable for the process.
Local anesthetic cream is applied to the patient's face in order to relieve the feeling of pain and pain.
The prepared solution is injected under the skin from the necessary places with personalized injections.
At the end of the procedure, protective creams and gels are applied to the skin, and the patient is sent home after care recommendations are given.

Dermal filler applications usually last a few sessions, and the number of sessions is determined according to the needs of the patient.

Post-Process Points To Consider

After derma filler applications used for skin rejuvenation, the effect can be observed immediately, but sometimes it becomes clear gradually. It is normal to observe effects such as redness, pain, slight swelling in the area immediately after the procedure. These effects go away on their own within a few days, but using medication or applying a cold compress to the area can also speed up the recovery.

Some post-procedure care recommendations are effective in increasing patient comfort during the healing process:

  • After the procedure, the medications prescribed by the physician and other care recommendations should be strictly followed.
  • The use of sunscreen creams is essential to protect the application area from the harmful rays of the sun.
  • Make-up should not be applied to the face during the period recommended by the physician and skin care should be continued as needed.
  • In order to allow the skin to heal, heavy and strenuous activities should be avoided for a while, and the next physician control should be waited to start sports.

Since most dermal filler injections use natural substances that rejuvenate the subcutaneous tissues, the effects of the application become much more satisfying over time. Both the injected fillers provide a general improvement in the area and the collagen production under the skin accelerates, helping the skin to regenerate itself. Thus, the effects obtained last as long as possible.

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